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Be a TRUE Iskolar ng Bayan! (The Undelivered Graduation Speech)

Note: This is the unabridged version of the speech for our graduation protest last year, 2013. I was to deliver the shortened version (shortened due to time constraints) but to no avail because we were blocked by the marshals from our way towards the stage. Nonetheless, SR Arguelles did his job well by delivering a speech, instead, though the microphone was turned off while he was speaking (watch video clip below). Translated version is available right after the manuscript below. This speech was originally posted at: http://www.facebook.com/notes/kristian-jacob-casas-abad-lora/be-a-true-iskolar-ng-bayan-the-undelivered-graduation-speech/10151448980789794. It was also published at Pinoy Weekly: http://pinoyweekly.org/new/2013/04/be-a-true-iskolar-ng-bayan-the-undelivered-speech/.

 

Original copy of the video clip can be accessed via this link: http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=10151697266722652

 

May we request everyone to offer a moment of silence,respect and prayer for our fellow Iskolar ng Bayan Kristel Tejada on her 40th day after her death last March 15 and for all Filipino youth, as well, who have been deprived of their fundamental right to quality and accessible education.

 

Usa ka mapula ug taas-kumong pagsaludo kanatong tanan, mga Iskolar ng Bayan, sa atong mga magtutudlo ug kawani, ug labi na sa atong mgaginikanan ug sa uban pang mga nagpaskwela kanato labi na ang masang katawhan.

Sa katapusan, kita ni-graduate na jud human sa upat ka-tuigo labaw pa, di lamang bahin sa acads kon dile apil na ang pagraduate nato sa mga ginaproblema sa usa ka Isko ug Iska susama sa pagpangita’g mga paagi aronmakakwarta para ibayad sa matrikula; ang paghulat sa taas nga linya sa STFAP Application arun ipamatuod nga probe pa ta’s tanang pobre; ang pagbalanse sa pagtuon, trabaho ug panlawas para sa mga working students; ang pagpasar-pasar sa pagkaon aron makatipid; ug uban pa.

Sulod sab sa upat ka tuig o labaw pa, kita nagkauban sa atong mga pakigbisog alang sa atong mga katungod ug kaayuhan ug nagkauban sabkita sa pag-ani sa mga bunga aning atong mga pakigbisog sama sa padayon ngaoperasyon sa UP High, dugang nga badyet sa UP ug sa State Universities andColleges (SUCs), pagpahawa sa usa ka undemocratic dean, pagpaabli sa duha kagates, pagpatukod sa mga tambayan, ug uban pa.

Pero bisan pa’g kita nakakab-ot ug mga kadaugan, padayon gihapon ang bulok nga sistema sa pagpig-ot kanato nga mga estudyante ugkabatan-unan. Bisan pa ma’g gipanghambog sa administrasyong Aquino ang pagdugang niya sa badyet sa UP ug SUCs, aduna gihapo’y 17B pesos nga pagkaltas sa proposed budget sa SUCs para karung tuiga. Padayon gihapon ang pagsaka sa mga matrikula ug uban pang balayrunon sa mga publiko ug pribadong tunghaan ubos sa komersyalisado nga sistema sa edukasyon. Gani, kita nakasaksi sa giunsa pagpatay sa bulok nga sistema gamit ang mga mekanismo niini susama sa Tuition Increases, STFAP, Student Loan, ug uban pa, ang atong kauban nga Iskolar ng Bayan nga si Kristel Tejada ug ang pagpatay sa mga damgo sa tanang mga kabatan-unang gihikawan sa ilang katungod sa edukasyon.

Isip graduates, makaingon kita nga luwas na kita aningmga problemaha. Apan dili. Ig-gawas nato aning Unibersidad, labi na sa pagpanarbaho nato, kita na usab ang makasinati sa mga kalisdanan sa atong mga ginikanan ug sa katawhan — kita na usab ang masakitan sa kamahal sa mga palalitunon, sa kalisod sa pagpangita’g trabaho ug ang pag-abuso sa mga employers, sa kamahal sa plete kay dile na man kita pwede makaingon nga “estudyante, Nong, estudyante”, ug sa kalisod sa pagpangita’g kwarta aron igasto sa pagpa-eskwela sa atong mga anak puhon. Dinhi na gayod nat omakita ug mapamatud-an nga ang mga problema sa mga estudyante, dile gayod hilayo sa mga problema sa katilingban sa kinatibuk-an. Sulod ug gawas man sa tunghaan, kitang tanan apektado sa mga kontra-katawhan nga polisiya sa Daang Matuwid ni Aquino nga tataw kaayo nga para lamang sa imperyalistang US ug sa mga tuta niining mga lokal nga adunahan.

Mga Iskolar ng Bayan, ig-gawas nato ngadto sa atong katilingban, aduna lang kita’y duha nga mga kapilian: ang mutrabaho ug muserbisyo sa mga namig-ot o sa mga gipig-ot? sa mga nang-abuso o sa mga gipang-abuso? sa mga nanghimulos o sa mga gipanghimuslan? sa Daang Matuwid o sa Tamang Daan? sa pagpabilin sa kasamtangang kahimtang o sa pagduso og kabag-uhan?

Nan, nasayod ang tanan nga kita ganahan og kabag-uhan saatong katilingban. Apan, labaw pa sa atong partisipasyon sa umaabot na eleksyon pinaagi sa pagpili sa mga makabayan ug makamasang lider, mahitabo lamang angtiunay nga kabag-uhan kon kitamusalmot sa nasudnong-demokrasyang kalihukanalang sa pagbag-o sa katilingban. Atong ihiusa ang atong mga kusog sa kusog sa masang katawhan.

Isip mga Iskolar ng Bayan nga gipa-eskwela sa katawhan, responsibilidad nato nga ubanan ang katawhan sa pagpangita’g tiunay nga hustisya ug kauswagan. Responsibilidad nato nga ubanan sila:

  • sa pagduso sapag-apud-apod sa yuta ngadto sa atong mga mag-uuma sama sa mga mag-uuma sa Hacienda Luisita ug Aloguinsan;
  • sa pagduso sa dugang nga suweldo ug benepisyo sa atong mgaginikanan ug sa tanang mga mamumuo;
  • sa pagduso sa dugang ug sakto nga badyetalang sa edukasyon, healthcare, housing ug uban pang mga batakang serbisyo;
  • sa pagprotektar sa atong mga kababayen-an ug kabataan;
  • sa pagprotektar sa soberanya sa atong nasod gikan sa mga langyaw ug imperyalista; ug,
  • sa pagprotektar sa atong kalikupan alang usab sa mga musunod nga kaliwatan.

Kay kita, dile lamang Iskolar para sa Bayan. Kita, gitawag nga mga Iskolar NG Bayan kayKAUBAN dapat kita sa katawhan sa pakigbisog alang sa katungod ug kaayuhan sa tanan ug alang sa tinuod nga kagawasan ug demokrasya sa atong nasod Pilipinas. Ug ang masang katawhan ang mao’y katapusang hukom kon kita, matinud-anon ba sa atong paka-Iskolar ng Bayan.

Busa, ang dakong hagit sa ato-a, bisag asa man kita maadto o muadto: be a true Iskolar ng Bayan!

 

Mga Isko ug Iska, humayo’t gamitin ang talino at husay at ialay ang buhay sa paglilingkod at pagtatanggol sa sambayanan!

Para sa tunay na demokrasya’t kalayaan!

Mabuhay tayong mga Pag-asa ng Bayan!

Serve The People!

 

 

*******************************

 

[Translation – Filipino]

 

May we request everyone to offer a moment of silence, respect and prayer for our fellow Iskolar ng Bayan Kristel Tejada on her 40th day after her death last March 15 and for all Filipino youth, as well, who have been deprived of their fundamental right to quality and accessible education.

 

Isang mapula’t taas-kamaong pagsaludo sa ating lahat, mga Iskolar ng Bayan, sa ating mga guro at kawani, at lalo na sa ating mga magulang o kung sinu-sino man ang nagpaaral sa atin, lalo na ang masang Pilipino.

Sa wakas, tayo’y nagtapos din matapos ang apat na taon o higit pa di lamang sa usaping akademiko kundi pati na rin ang pag-gradweyt natin mula sa mga suliraning kinakaharap ng bawat Isko at Iska gaya ng paghahanap ng mga paraan para makapera pambayad sa matrikula; ang paghihintay sa mahabang linya ng STFAP application upang patunayan na tayo’y mahirap pa sa lahat ng mga mahihirap; ang pagbalanse sa pag-aaral, trabaho at kalusugan para sa mga working students; ang sobrang pagtitipid sa pagkain; at iba pa.

Sa loob din ng apat na taong ito o higit pa, tayo’y nagsama-sama sa ating mga laban para sa ating mga karapatan at kapakanan at nagsama-sama rin tayo sa pag-ani ng mga bunga ng mga labang ito gaya na lamang ng patuloy na operasyon ng UP High, dagdag na badyet sa UP at sa mga State Universities and Colleges (SUCs), pagpatalsik sa isang undemocratic dean, pagpabukas ng dalawang UP gates, pagpatayo ng mga tambayan at iba pa.

Subalit, kahit nakasungkit tayo ng mga kapanalunan, patuloy pa rin ang bulok na sistema sa pagsupil sa atin na mga estudyante at kabataan. Kahit pa man na ipinalalandakan ng administrasyong Aquino ang dagdag na badyet sa UP at SUCs, mayroon pa ring 17B pesos na pagkaltas sa badyet na ipinanukala ng mga SUCs sa taong ito. Patuloy pa rin ang pagtaas nga mga matrikula at iba pang mga bayarin sa mga publiko’t pribadong paaralan sa ilalim ng komersyalisadong sistema ng ating edukasyon. Sa katunayan, atin pong nasaksihan nitong Marso kung paano pinatay ng bulok na sistema, gamit ang mga mekanismo nito gaya ng Tuition Increases, STFAP, Student Loan at iba pa, ang ating kapwa Iskolar ng Bayan na si Kristel Tejada at kung paano rin pinatay nito ang mga pangarap ng mga kabataang ninakawan ng kanilang karapatan sa edukasyon.

Bilang mga gradweyt, inaakala nating tayo’y ligtas nga sa mga sularining ito. Subalit, hindi. Sa paglabas natin mula sa Unibersidad na ito, lalo na sa ating pagtatrabaho, tayo na naman ang makakaranas ng lahat ng mga paghihirap ng ating mga magulang at ng sambayanan — tayo na naman ang masasaktan sa pagtaas ng presyo ng mga bilihin, sa kahirapan sa paghahanap ng trabaho at pang-aabuso ng mga employers, sa mahal na pamasahe dahil di na tayo pwedeng magsabi ng “estudyante po Kuya, estudyante po“,  at sa kahirapan sa paghahanap ng perang pantutustos para sa pag-aaral ng mga magiging anak natin. Dito na natin makikita at mas mapapatunayan na ang mga problema ng mga estudyante ay tunay na di hiwalay sa mga problema ng lipunan. Nasa loob o labas man ng paaralan, tayong lahat ay apektado sa mga kontra-mamamayan na mga polisiya sa Daang Matuwid ni Aquino na klarung-klaro na para lamang sa imperyalistang US at ang mga tuta nitong nanggagaling sa naghaharing-uri ng ating lipunan.

Mga Iskolar ng Bayan, sa paglabas natin patungo sa lipunang ating ginagawalan, tayo ay may dalawang pagpipilian lamang: ang magtrabaho’t maglingkod para sa mga nanunupil o sa mga sinusupil? sa mga nang-aabuso o sa mga inaabuso? sa mga nagsasamantala o sa mga pinag-sasamantalahan? sa Daang Matuwid o sa Tamang Daan? sa pagpapanatili ng status quo o sa pagsulong nga pagbabago sa lipunan?

At alam naman ng lahat na gusto natin ng pagbabago sa lipunan. Datapuwa’t, mas higit pa sa ating partisipasyon sa darating na eleksyon sa pamamagitan ng pagboto sa mga makabayan at makamasang lider, magaganap lamang ang tunay na pagbabago kung tayo ay lalahok sa pambansang demokratikong kilusan para sa pagbabago sa lipunan. Ating ipagsama ang ating mga lakas sa lakas ng masang Pilipino.

Bilang mga Iskolar ng Bayan na pinag-aral ng taumbayan, responsibilidad natin na samahan ang taumbayan sa pagkamit ng tunay na hustisya at kaunlaran. Responsibilidad natin na samahan sila:

  • sa pagsulong ng pamamahagi ng mga lupain sa ating mga magsasaka gaya ng mga magsasaka sa Hacienda Luisita at sa Aloguinsan;
  • ang pagsulong ng dagdag na sahod at benepisyo sa ating mga magulang, guro at sa lahat ng mga manggagawa;
  • ang pagsulong ng dagdag at saktong badyet para sa edukasyon, healthcare, pabahay at iba pang mga batayang serbisyong-panlipunan;
  • ang pagtatanggol sa ating mga kababaihan at kabataan;
  • ang pagatanggol sa ating soberanya mula sa mga dayuhan at mga imperyalista; at,
  • ang pagtatanggol sa ating kalikasan mula sa mga pang-aabuso para sa mga susunod na henerasyon.

 

Sapagka’t tayo ay hindi lamang mga Iskolar para sa Bayan. Kundi, tayo ay tinaguriang mgaIskolar NG Bayan dahil tayo ay KASAMA ng taumbayan sa bawat laban para sa karapatan at kapakanan ng lahat at para sa tunay na kalayaan at demokrasya sa ating bansang Pilipinas. At ang masang Pilipino ang silang huling maghuhusga kung tayo ba ay tunay ngang mga Iskolar ng Bayan.

Bagkus, isang malaking hamon sa ating lahat, kahit saan man tayo mapunta o pumunta: be a true Iskolar ng Bayan!

 

Mga Isko ug Iska, humayo’t gamitin ang talino at husay at ialay ang buhay sa paglilingkod at pagtatanggol sa sambayanan!

Para sa tunay na demokrasya’t kalayaan!

Mabuhay tayong mga Pag-asa ng Bayan!

Serve The People!

 

UP Cebu graduates, together with Staff Regent Jossel Ebesate, Student Regent Cleve Arguelles, some teachers and non-graduates, raised placards and held a streamer calling on the graduates to Serve The People who funded their education.

May naka-capture pala sa naganap na pag-harang sa’tin ng Graduation Marshals at guards nung Grad Protest. Si Franel ata naka-capture nito. Ito yung time na hinihila ako ni SR Cleve para makatuntong ako sa stage at ideliver ang pinaghandaang grad protest speech. May video file din courtesy of te Jade: http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=10151697266722652

 


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My Commencement Speech to the Class 2014 Graduates of the Naval SPED Center

This is the transcript of my speech delivered last March 29, 2014 which I got after transcribing the audio file of my speech. Naval SPED Center is my elementary Alma Mater and I was invited to be the guest speaker for their Commencement Exercises/Graduation Ceremony this year. This year’s theme, as set by the Department of Education (DepEd), was “HINDI NATITINAG ANG PUSONG PILIPINO” to highlight the resiliency, especially, of the Filipino students as they persevere in their studies despite the devastating calamities that struck the country last year.

 

… with some of the Class 2014 Graduates. Credits to the owner of this photo.

 

(Jokes…)

 

To our beloved Schools Division Superintendent Dr. Pedro T. Escobarte, Jr., our Division SPED Coordinator Dr. Catalina P. Cordeta, our Naval North District Supervisor Mrs. Charita Bernardes,  our PTA Board Member Rebecca Gutierrez, our beloved principal Mr. Herman Donato, our administrators, teachers, parents, guests, and to our dearest graduates, isang mapagpalayang araw po sa ating lahat!

 

‘Di natitinag ang pusong Pilipino

Perhaps you are now wondering why I uttered those jokes?

First, of course, I want to keep you awake so that you could listen, appreciate and understand what I will be saying para di naman masayang ‘tong speech na prinepare ko para sa inyo.

Second, it’s refreshing to recall the follies, ang mga kabaliwan, we had during our elementary and highschool years. Throwback lang ang peg ano po?

And last but more importantly, I would like to point out and emphasize one of the reasons bakit hindi natitinag ang Pusong Pilipino, which is the theme of your Commencement/Graduation Exercises.

Bakit nga ba ‘di natitinag ang Pusong Pilipino?

Simple — because we, Filipino, laugh!

We laugh at our problems. As the old adage goes, “Laughter is the best medicine.” It energizes us as it allow our hearts to pump blood enthusiastically. It exercises our muscles. It releases our stress. It keeps us from ageing rapidly. It lets us feel hope. It’s one of our techniques to survival, especially, during aftermaths of disasters such as Yolanda.

Of course, how can we boost our morale to get up and move forward if we let sadness overcome us. I know many of us have experienced that when we are sad, say, frustrated from the results of our exams or perhaps brokenhearted, sometimes, we just don’t want to get up from the bed. Sometimes, we just want to sleep all the time. And that’s counterproductive! So, laugh! There’s nothing wrong with laughing at our problems.

But that doesn’t mean we just keep on laughing even though we feel hurt deep inside. If we feel like crying, then cry, but don’t forget to have some time to laugh. It’s just a matter of balancing things — the yin and yang. But that doesn’t mean, as well, that we only laugh at our problems. There’s no truth to the generalization that many Filipinos are poor because they only laugh at their problems. No. Laughing at our problems is just our coping mechanism but innate also in our nature as Filipinos are our fighting spirit and our faith, strong faith, to seek solutions or to overcome our problems.

My dear graduates, it has been four months since Yolanda struck our country and devastated Visayas. If you have seen the news clippings on the first few days of the aftermath (which, by the way, you can watch in Youtube), you could not see Filipino survivors merely lying down, feeling hopeless and helpless. No. Right after the typhoon left their areas, the survivors immediately ventured out to the streets to search for their loved ones and to find means how to survive the following days while waiting for aid. You could see Filipino Yolanda survivors walking hundreds of kilometers to find food, to seek safe shelter or to seek aid.

Perhaps you have seen in the news how Fr. Edgar Abusejo journeyed from Eastern Samar to Tacloban to get the world’s attention in order to give aid as well to the people in Samar. Or perhaps, you have heard the story of one alumna of La Naval who walked from Tacloban back to their home here in Naval after the typhoon ravaged Tacloban.

But the most apparent examples right now are YOU, dear graduates. I admire your determination not to let the disaster hinder your learning. I admire your perseverance so as not to let Yolanda steal your dream of graduating this year. Just like other students in Yolanda-stricken areas, I laud you for your persistence to catch up with your lessons. I’m sure some of you ay nagreklamo dahil mabilis ang pacing ng iyong lessons after the typhoon but look, here you are now, graduating this year, today!

That’s Fighting spirit! That’s faith! — two of the reasons bakit hindi natitinag ang Pusong Pilipino.

Last vital reason that I would like to emphasize kung bakit hindi natitinag ang Pusong Pilipino is also our innate collective spirit — the Pintakasi principle, the Bayanihan spirit. An overused but still true cliche says, “No man/woman is an island, no one stands alone” or as one of my favorite Filipino song goes, “Walang sinuman ang nabubuhay para sa sarili lamang, walang sinuman ang namamatay para sa sarili lamang.”

Collective spirit, my dear friends.

I don’t have the luxury of time to share to you our experiences in the Balik-Bilran Network in our efforts to send relief goods here in Biliran but I would just like to tell you that in those times, everyday, I always have had goosebumps, tumitindig ang mga balahibo ko, everytime I see Biliranons and non-Biliranons alike helping us gather donations, buy and prepare relief goods and distribute them to the most needy areas. Indeed, through collective action, through our collective efforts, we can achieve victories.

The fighting spirit, the faith, and the collective spirit — these are the BASIC reasons why Filipinos are resilient, kung bakit hindi natitinag ang Pusong Pilipino, why we survived.

 

Tips para di matitinag ang Puso ng estudyanteng Pilipino sa mga pagsubok sa Hayskul at Kolehiyo

Now, allow me to share you, as well, some 5 basic tips so that you could survive the next levels of education — high school and college. Let’s start with No. 5.

5. Socialize

By “socialize”, I do not mean “magpaka-sosyal” ka like party here, shoppin’ there or buy the latest version of iPhone until mabuslot na ang mga bulsa ng inyong mga magulang. There’s a modern Filipino saying which says, “Pag MAYAMAN IPHONE. Pag mahirap IPON.”

But, of course, I know that you understand what I mean, which is: MAKE FRIENDS. Because they will be there for you, through ups and downs, through sickness and in health. They will be your secondary family, just like your school, whenever your parents are busy at work and your siblings preoccupied with their respective activities. You will learn so many things from them that the traditional school curriculum will not or has failed to teach you, or has failed to concretize abstract concepts that it has taught you. For example, it’s my barkada in elementary who taught me how to be brave, how to be confident. Without them, I could have not been here, speaking in front of you. Honestly, it’s my barkada who actually taught me how to cook.

But just a caution: well, not that I’m teaching you to be judgmental; don’t be judgmental but just a caution: be careful in befriending some persons. We have a sayin that goes, “Tell me who your friends are and I will tell you who you are.” Do not haste in making friends because there are those who will turn your life into worse. Well, it’s okay to befriend them but experience-wise, it’s either you change them for better or it’s you who will be changed for worse. If you believe you are not capable of changing them, you may keep your friendship but learn to say no to their bad activities such as addictions. If they would ask you why and tell you, “I deserve an explanation.” Aw, kung nag-ala-Piolo Pascual-Starting Over Again sila, well, mag-ala-Tita Janet Napoles ka rin. Sagutin mo, “I invoke my right against self-incrimination.” But if they really compel you to join them in their bad activities, as well, then that’s the time that you get out from their circle.

 

4. Plan ahead BUT live the present

Remember the moral of the story of The Ant and the Grasshopper which we learned in our early elementary years? The story taught us to prepare, to plan for the future, right? But, life can also be so unpredictable that we cannot tell we would still be in this planet tomorrow or the next day.

Bottomline is: YOLO — You Only Live Once.

So, do whatever you can do at present as if everyday is your last, as long as what you do is within the bounds of what is just and proper. Wag yung porke’t sabi nila na YOLO, magpapakalasing ka na o maninigarilyo ka to the highest level. Maraming temptation sa hayskul at college. Learn to resist them.

As another famous quote goes: every day is a gift from God, that’s why it is called present. This principle is the reason why I grabbed this opportunity to be your guest speaker. When I learned about the invitation, I actually had apprehensions such as I had still to prepare for our final exams week. So I told myself, next time na lang siguro but then I was quick to realize, there wouldn’t be next time.

In high school and college, many opportunities would knock at your door. Grab each and every opportunity BUT before grabbing it, objectively consider and assess first your capacity and other circumstances — kung kaya mo ba talaga, kung di ka ba talaga nag-iilusyon lang; else, you might suffer the tragedy that befell Icarus.

Of course, one of those opportunities is the opportunity to have a lovelife. So, to our dear parents, alam na man po natin na that’s inevitable, well, to many highschool and college students.  Alam kong naranasan niyo rin po yan. But, let’s be quick on this matter:

For girls, be as wise as Nena. Nena’s suitor, one day, told her.

Suitor: Mahal na mahal kita. Lahat ng kaya ko, ibibigay ko. Handa akong mamatay para sa’yo..
Nena: Hmmm. Atika ko doh! Beh, kung tinuod man kaha na, sample beh! Sample! Sample! Sample!!
Ayun, natakot si Suitor kaya di na siya nagpatuloy.

For boys, be faithful to your girlfriend:

Ingatan mo ang taong MAHALAGA sayo.. Mahirap na baka… ANGKININ ng CHINA.

Or these could apply to any gender. My point is: don’t haste. Wag magmadali. Porke’t trending sa Twitter ang lovelife nina Chichay at Joaquin ay magmamadali ka nang maghanap ng jowaWag magmadali kasi Hindi porket nagtext siya sa’yo ng ILABYU, ay dapat kiligin ka na.. TANDAAN:Wrong spelling WRONG.”

 

3. Have Fun while learning; Love your Education

My professors would always tell our class that when we love our education, it would just be easy for us to understand our lessons. Don’t go to school just because it is an imperative routine. Don’t go to school just because it is a norm, an obligation. But go to school because it is part and parcel of our lives.

Think not of getting high grades for popularity or for better jobs or careers in the future but think of searching questions that are socially relevant such as: why many Filipinos are poor, how to treat AIDS, how to increase productivity in farming, how to eliminate corruption. Think of questions such as those.

Love your education. Do not waste it because if you do so, you would be wasting not just your parents’ money but also the people’s money, you being Iskolars ng Bayan, pupils of a public school funded by the people.

Now, aside from learning within the four walls of the classroom, we can also gain learning in various extra-curricular and non-curricular activities. Engage yourselves in those activities — run for the student government, join in your school publication organization, direct a stage play, join in religious organizations, volunteer in extension services for the poor and marginalize, and many more. For it is through these activities that we would be able to apply what we have learned during our formal classes. Without these activities, we wouldn’t know the realities in our society. We would remain very much idealistic.

But, learn also how to manage your time. Aside from balancing your academic and extra-curricular activities, avoid spending much of your time in unnecessary things. For example, spend less of your time for Facebook or Twitter or Internet in general or DOTA. Wag tularan si Nena:

Nanay: Naku anak!!! Lumabas ka dyan sa kwarto! Nasusunog ang bahay natin!
Nena: Waaaah! Nay! Sandali lang! Ipopost ko lang sa FB!
Nanay: Bilisan mo! At buksan mo na din account ko.. share mo!!

The moral of this story, my dear graduates,  is: kung FB ka lang nang FB, Twitter ka lang nang Twitter o DOTA ka lang nang DOTA, malamang, sunog din ang kinabukasan mo!

 

2. Have Faith; Believe in yourself

There will be times when challenges will come in your way — difficult exams, numerous class projects, complicated relations and all — and you will be tempted to thing it’s the end of the world! But I tell you, NEVER QUIT IMMEDIATELY. If you do not know what to do, then, you may pray to God, ask for the guidance of his Holy Spirit, have faith in God and have faith in yourself, just like when you were still a child learning how to walk or climb the stairs.

Just like a child, continue taking risks. Don’t be afraid to commit mistakes or to fail. Because when you are afraid to do so, chances are you tend not to go beyond your comfort zones; thereby, depriving yourself of discovering more of your capabilities, discovering more of your talents and skills. Thus, you would remain stagnant at ang isang stagnant water ay pinamumugaran ng mga lamok. So, do not be stagnant. Be adventurous. Have fun while learning.

We have a saying that goes, “faith without action is dead”. Kaya’t sabi ni Conrad Hilton:

Success seems to be connected with action. Successful people keep moving. They make mistakes, but they don’t quit.

So, push lang teh! Ako, honestly, ako’y muntikan nang di maka-graduate last year kasi 2nd sem na gumana ang utak ko for my thesis. But to cut the story short, all I had were faith coupled with action kaya’t nakagraduate pa rinBasta wag agad mag-quit.

Also, NEVER EVER CHEAT. You may have not cheated in your entire elementary life as SPED pupils but let me tell you frankly, in high school where follies would intensify, there will be many temptations to cheat. Again, as an honest confession, my high school classmates and I cheated a lot of times. But when I entered UP, alam niyo, nakakatakot na mag-cheat sa UP kasi you either face expulsion or public humiliationPeople kasi are expecting you to be intelligent bilang isang UP student. Only then I got one of the most important realizations in my life: we all don’t need to cheat to get good grades, we all don’t need to cheat to achieve our dreams or goals in life.

As what our UP Motto says: HONOR and EXCELLENCE, in the Service of the Filipino People. Honor comes first. So, don’t cheat kasi kapag naging habit yan ninyo, you could grow like the corrupt public officials we have — God forbids! But as you can see, many of public officials considered as corrupt were actually achievers in school; they were part of the Cream of the Crop.

That’s why, I would like to emphasize, that intelligence or excellence at school is NOT a measure of one’s worth. Before excellence, there must be honor and dignity in every thing that we do.

So, if you have, indeed, cheated for the past 6 years, tamang-tama! It’s Lenten Season! For the Catholics, take time to have a good confession and repent from your sins. But, Pedro misinterpreted the word “repent”.

One day, Juan encountered Pedro in front of the latter’s house.

Juan: Pedro, bag-0 lage and pintal sa imong atop? (Pedro, ba’t bago ang pinta ng bubong mo?)
Pedro: mao nay advice ni Fr. Jose sa misa gahapon. (Yan kasi ang advice ni Fr. Jose sa misa niya kahapon.)
Juan: Unsa man diay iyang sulti? (Bakit? Ano pala sabi niya?)
Pedro: Ingon siya: “repent your sin!” Maong gipintalan nako’g bag-o akong atop. (Sabi niya, “repent your sin!” kaya pinintahan ko nang bago ang bubong ko.)

 

1. Do not be self-centered

Now, the last but the most important tip that I would like to share to you is that do not be self-centeredOffer your intellect and skills in serving the poor and the needy, dedicate your education to your family, to the society and to God.

Do not waste your life for selfish interests. Mind you, maraming buhay ang nasira dahil sa mga pansariling interes ng tao. Many lives were destroyed because of greed.

Wag makipag-kompetisyon sa iba. Don’t compare yourself with other people because, experience-wise, it creates a lot of insecurities; it creates division; it destroys relationships. One of my law professors once challenged our whole class to help those who failed in one of our major exams to catch up. So, instead of competing with one another, help one another because that’s what our society needs.

We all don’t need to compete with one another in order to excel. Life is NOT a race; it is, but, a journey. My undergraduate and law professors would always remind us to compete with ourselves, instead.

Also, do not be arrogant. Porke’t you graduated from SPED, from Sci-High, from UP; porke’t matalino ka o marami kang alam; o, porke’t successful ka na — do not be arrogant. Stay humble and down-to-earth. Never forget to thank your very supportive parents and teachers kahit ganyan sila ka-strikto because without them, you would have not gone this far in your lives. Do not forget them and all those persons who supported you when you are already successful. Ika nga nila: ang taong di marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan ay… malamang, nagse-selfie!

Lastly, as Iskolars ng Bayan, do not forget to give back to the people who funded your education. Sabi nga sa isang advertisement: para kanino ka bumabangon? Para kanino ba tayo nag-aaral? Our intelligence and skills are WORTHLESS if we only keep it to ourselves for our selfish interests. I tell you, there is so much happiness in using our intellect and skills in serving the people. There is much loneliness when we only use them for our own pleasure.

 

My dear graduates, friends, I would like to end my speech in a very personal manner.

When I arrived home from my Law classes on Tuesday night last week, I checked upon my Facebook and I was notified of a PM (private message). When I opened it, it was from Ma’am Linao which read, “Congratulations!”. Then I thought, before I continued reading, “wait. what’s this congratulatory message for? Did I pass the bar exam??? Because it was the same day when the 2013 Bar Exam results were released wherein, as you have seen it via television, 5 from my Alma mater UP and 1 from my present school UC (Univ. of Cebu) topped. So, if you wanna pursue legal profession, enroll either at UP Law or UC Law. Advertise2x din tayo ano pag may time. But going back, I thought: how can it be a congratulatory message for passing the Bar when, in fact, I am still taking up Law. So, I continued reading until I got the message — that I was chosen and invited to be your guest speaker now.

Thereafter, I kept on asking ‘why me’? I never graduated with flying colors from this school, from this  Alma Mater. I haven’t yet obtained titles like Doctor, Engineer, Atty, PhD, MA, LLb, etc. And so I thought busy siguro sina Clemens (our Class Valedictorian) or all other past Naval SPED valedictorians. Yet, I was quick to realize, we don’t really need awards and titles to inspire and motivate other people. What we need are real-life experiences. It’s like love. How can you effectively advice and inspire someone who is broken-hearted to move forward if you haven’t  been dumped by someone or if you haven’t tried getting “basted”.

So, my challenge now to you, dear graduates, is to learn from the mistakes of my generation and be an inspiration to everyone, especially, to move the people in creating positive change in our society and in this world. Then, this world will soon become a better place to live not just for your generation but for the generations to come, as well.

So, dear graduates and friends, thank you so much for this opportunity to speak before you. Congratulations and mabuhay Class 2014! Congratulations to the parents and teachers! Padayon! God bless!

photo0229

… with the Class Valedictorian Jois Jamil Castro Linao (the boy at the right side).


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Thesis and Capitalism

Kaning thesis ba, at the minimum, kay one sem unta ang gi-dedicate for this. One sem na walang ibang subjects kundi thesis lang talaga para maka-focus ang student. The current set-up we have now is due to the “fast-paced world” created by the global capitalist system, which in turn, produces less high-quality theses because students would just aim for compliance to cope up with such “fast pace”, graduate on time and get a job. Then, they tell the youth to value their education while the system, itself, is not designed to let the people value education for the fear that when majority of the people are educated and awakened, the system may be changed and the oppressive ruling class may be toppled down.


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UP and SUCS’ Budget Increased! | With Our Militant Action, We Win!

History will never fail us to appreciate that our victories in our struggle for equality and justice and for our rights have been achieved with our guided militant action, specifically speaking about our fight for greater state subsidy for basic social services including education.

We welcome, but with no single amount of complacency, the recent developments of our struggle:

“Budget and Management Secretary Florencio B. Abad said that 34.8 percent or P698.4 billion of the P2.006-trillion proposed budget has been earmarked for social services, higher by 14 percent compared with this year’s P613.4-billion funding” (Leyco n.p.).

For State Universities and colleges (SUCs), particularly:

“…DBM also increased the total budget of 110 state universities

and colleges (SUCs) by 41.25 percent from P26.29 billion in 2012 to 37.4 billion next year. The increase is also particularly attributed to the 97.73 percent or P3.7 billion increase in the MOOE of SUCs, from P3.21 billion this year to P6.42 in 2013” (Mariano 3).

As for UP budget:

“The P10.78 billion budget approved by DBM for inclusion in the 2013 National Expenditure Program (NEP) is 57.6 percent higher than the P6.84 billion allotted to UP this year under the General Appropriations Act (GAA)” (Mariano 3).

Photo from Philippine Collegian FB Account

 

With our MILITANT Action, we win!

“Last year, our definition of ‘paggugol na matuwid was spending that has direct, immediate and substantial impact to the people—’diretso sa tao.’ This year, we defined “paggugol na matuwid” as something that the people, especially the poor, have been asking for—even demanding for—from their government,” DBM Secretary Florencio Abad said (Mariano 3).

Though there are matters in the DBM proposed budget that are questionable despite the increase, it is clear that the increase in budget is brought about by our MILITANT COLLECTIVE ACTION through the years. This credits much our rallies, walkouts, pickets, cultural protests, etc along with dialogues with the government and lobbying in the Congress, that were geared towards our call for greater state subsidy, among others.

Last month (June 21), our fellow Iskolars in UP Diliman and Manila trooped to the Dept. of Budget and Management (DBM) office to lobby for budget increase while we had our signature campaign (by our Student Council and NUSP Cebu). UP Student Regent Cleve Arguelles then tweeted, “Matagumpay ang protesta natin ngayong araw sa DBM. Dialogue resulted into an agreement that there will be an increase in the budget.”

Last year (September), students from SUCs around the country walked out while we had our black-shirt, candle-lighting and planking protest.

In November 2010, around 400 of us walked out as we support the Nationwide WALKOUT for Greater State Subsidy. The massive mobilization shook the Aquino government and the Congress, pushing the latter to increase the (MOOE) budget for SUCs by more than P400 Million.

Courtesy of NKE

 

No single amount of complacency

However, we should not consider the recent increase as an “ultimate victory” in our struggle for greater state subsidy. Our movement should not stop because everyday is a struggle. It is worth noting that the recent increase is just on the DBM level. The proposed budget will still undergo Congressional Proceedings, wherein it may be approved, disapproved or amended.

Unless the sufficient percentage of the national budget is automatically appropriated and the automatic appropriation for debt servicing is repealed, we must not settle; instead, we must remain vigilant and must keep on fighting.

KABATAAN Partylist has filed House Bill (HB) 1962 that pushes for automatic appropriation of at least 6% of our GDP (Gross Domestic Product) to education and other basic social services while repealing automatic appropriation for debt servicingthat eats up more than one-third of our national budget, annually (“HB 1962” n. p.). We mustsupport the passage of this bill. At the same time, we must back this up with our mobilizations in the streets — the same mobilizations that brought us the recent tactical victories.

As what Kabataang Makabayan (that fought against Marcos regime) founder Jose Maria Sison said, “Only through militant struggle can the best in the youth emerge” (Sison n. p.).

 

Congratulations, mga Iskolar ng Bayan!

Join the National Youth Day of Protest on July 17!

Iskolar ng Bayan, ipagpatuloy ang laban hanggang sa kapanalunan!

Fight for Greater State Subsidy!

Continue pushing for a Nationalist, Scientific and Mass-oriented Education!

Change the System!

SERVE THE PEOPLE!

 

Disclaimer: This my personal statement and does not reflect the views and opinion of the organizations I am affiliated with.

 

References:

“HB 1962 – Repeal of the Automatic Appropriation for Debt Service.” KABATAAN Partylist n. d.: n. p. Scribd. Web. 15 Jul. 2012. (http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/365230/dbm-details-2013-proposed-budget)

Leyco, Chino S. “DBM Details 2013 Proposed Budget.” Manila Bulletin 9 Jul. 2012: n. p. Manila Bulletin. Web. 15 Jul. 2012. (http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/365230/dbm-details-2013-proposed-budget)

Mariano, Keith Richard D. “DBM OKs more than half of proposed 2013 UP budget.” Philippine COllegian 11 Jul. 2012: 3. Philippine Collegian. Web. 15 Jul. 2012. (http://fc03.deviantart.net/fs70/f/2012/193/9/9/philippine_collegian_issue_4_5_by_kule1213-d56xr9u.pdf)

Sison, Jose Maria. “Youth on the March.” The Philippines Free Press [Quezon City] 2 Nov. 1968: n. p.


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Junk MGT 186 Lab Fee!

As the academic year begins, Iskolars ng Bayan are greeted with another set of fees. The Management Cluster of the UP Cebu College has submitted a proposal, dated 18 April 2012, to institute P500-laboratory fee for the MGT 186 (Management Information Systems and Technology) which is a new course under the new Business Management Curriculum that was approved in 2009.

NKE (Nagkahiusang Kusog sa Estudyante), as a political and mass organization that has been in the forefront in protecting and promoting students’ rights and welfare, is firm in its opposition to the proposal and is calling for its junking, given the legitimate and justifiable grounds stated herein.

 

Not a Genuine Consultation

The proposal was approved by 177 out of 207 Management students consulted. However, the consultation was not genuine because the students concerned were not given ample time to study the proposal for them to have a scientific decision. In addition, some students admitted they approved the proposal because of fear.

 

Questionable Costs

Questionable costs are included in the schedules such as the construction of the laboratory room. For years, the government has not allocated even a single peso for the university’s Capital Outlay (CO), which is supposed to cover construction cost. In other words, the construction of such facility will start once the laboratory fees have been collected. However, the collection of fees is proposed to be implemented next semester or immediately after the UP Board of Regents (BOR)’ approval, which means that third year Management students taking the course next semester will be paying for a room that is non-existent.

 

Redundant Items

There are other items in the schedule that should not be shouldered by the students. Some of the scheduled items are redundant since such items receive allocation from the national budget.

For instance, the proposal includes the monthly salary of a full-time teacher who will handle the course’s laboratory. Teachers’ salaries are already covered by the Personnel Services (PS) budget of the UP’s Annual Budget allocated by the government.

In addition, the proposal includes maintenance cost (which the proposal fails to specify what are to be maintained) and the power consumption of all equipment of the laboratory. These expenses are already covered by the Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses (MOOE) allocated by the government. In fact, this also makes our payment of P250 energy fee per semester redundant and questionable.

 

Where is the 300% TOFI?

 

In 2006, the UP Board of Regents approved then UP President Emerlinda Roman’s recommendation to increase the “tuition and other fees” by 300%. Despite the students, teachers and workers’ opposition, President Roman defended her proposal.

 

“The President said tuition is being adjusted to be able to increase stipends, increase the number of beneficiaries and to be able to improve facilities and have additional funds for MOOE. UP is not adjusting tuition only to break even or so that all of incremental income will go to stipends. Part of the incremental income should go to facilities improvement and MOOE. After all, students who will now pay more have a right to expect some improvements in the facilities” (“Matters Arising” p. 7).

 

Five years have already passed yet there has been no remarkable increase of STFAP beneficiaries despite the 300% tuition and other fees increase (TOFI). In a recent study conducted by UP Diliman school publication Philippine Collegian, “of the 3,364 STFAP applicants (UP Diliman) this semester, 2,325 also applied for student tuition loans, according to data from the Office of Student Scholarships and Services (OSSS)” (Borlaza n. p.) Meanwhile, to date, there are still facilities that have not yet been improved such as the “stiff-necked” electric fans in some of our classrooms.

 

If the “the incremental income should go to facilities improvement and MOOE”, why do Management students still have to pay for maintenance cost of MGT 186 Laboratory? Or is it just another profit-generation scheme of the University?

 

 

An Effect that Also Causes State Abandonment

 

Annually, the government is decreasing its public spending for basic social services such as education and health while spending large amount of the national budget to foreign-debt-servicing, militarization and even pork barrel. Recently, the government is lending the International Monetary Fund (where it borrows money from) $1 billion while millions of Filipinos grow hungry and poor.

 

In effect, state universities and colleges (SUCs) such as UP (which suffered from a P1.39B budget cut last 2010), are forced to find other means to generate income. Apparently, immediate means are increasing the tuition and imposing other fees such as laboratory fees to students.

 

Concurrently, increasing tuition and imposing other fees such as MGT 186 Lab Fee give more reason to the government to abandon public schools like UP. The government can now just decrease UP’s budget, while the administration willingly plays the role of profit-earners who fill the budget deficit which the government yearly imposes. This may fulfil the neo-liberal policies of the US-Aquino administration in its “Daang Matuwid”:

 

“We allocated P23.4 billion to 112 State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in 2011. This is 1.7 percent lower than the P23.8 billion budget for 2010. We are gradually reducing the subsidy to SUCs to push them toward becoming self-sufficient and financially independent…” (Aquino n. p.)

 

This is contrary to the government’s Constitutional mandate that is to give the highest budget priority to education (Art. XIV, Sec. 5.5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution).

 

 

Our Call

 

Obviously, the proposal to institute P500 fee for the MGT 186 Laboratory is flawed and questionable; thus, we are appealing to all Management students to withdraw their signatures and to the UP Cebu Academic Council to junk it. Furthermore, the proposal is said to have been patterned from the past proposals that have already been approved and implemented. Therefore, we also call for the review of all other laboratory fees instituted.

 

On the other hand, it has been made clear that mechanisms like increasing tuition and imposing other fees tolerate the government in its abandonment of UP and all other public schools that it is constitutionally bound to fund and prioritize. Hence, we call all students to oppose any proposal to increase tuition and institute laboratory fees.

 

Meanwhile, we appreciate Pres. Pascual administration’s active solidarity with the students, teachers and workers in asserting higher budget as they also recognize that the main problem is state abandonment. However, we also urge them not to entertain and approve any proposal to increase tuition and impose fees. Doing so will make our efforts futile. We cannot kill the weeds when, at the same time, our actions are watering the weeds.

 

We also call the UP administration to uphold transparency especially on the tuition increment raised by the five-year old 300%-TOFI. This is mandated by the UP Charter of 2008 (Sec. 3(h), Republic Act 9500) that stipulates:

 

“The University shall… Provide democratic governance in the University based on collegiality, representation, accountability, transparency and active participation of its constituents, and promote the holding of fora for students, faculty, research, extension and professional staff (REPS), staff, and alumni to discuss non-academic issues affecting the University.”

 

Most importantly, we call on all students, teachers, workers and administrators of all UP units to unite in preserving the public and mass-oriented character of the University of the Philippines – a National University that educates and equips students to be citizens who are highly contributory in building the nation and in liberating fellow Filipinos from oppression.

 

 

Junk the 500-Peso Mgt. 186 Lab Fee!

Uphold Transparency on the 300% TOFI!

Continue the Fight for Greater State Subsidy!

Protect UP as University of the Filipino People!

Onward to a Nationalist, Scientific and Mass-Oriented Education!

Serve The People!

 

 

 

References:

 

Aquino III, Benigno S. “2011 Budget Message of President Aquino”. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines 24 Aug. 2010: n. p. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Web. 28 Jun. 2012.

 

Borlaza, Isabella Patricia H. “2 in 3 UPD students under STFAP also apply for loans”. Philippine Collegian 17 Mar. 2012: n. p. Philippine Collegian. Web. 29 Jun. 2012.

 

Chaves, Mary Gretchen F. Letter to Ritchelita Galapate. 18 Apr. 2012.

 

“Matters Arising from the Minutes of the 1216th Meeting (15 December 2006)”. The University of the Philippines Gazette Jan-Mar 2007: 6-8. Office of the Secretary of the University and Board of Regents. Web. 28 Jun. 2012.

 

“Proposal to Institute Laboratory Fees for: MGT 186 (Management of Information Systems and Technology)”.  UP Cebu Business Management Cluster. Feb 2012.